Representatives of the Moldovan dairy industry have expressed an interest in exporting dairy products to the EU. This will require that Moldova can demonstrate compliance with EU requirements for the dairy sector for those commodities that are intended to be exported to the EU. SAFOSO was requested to support this initiative through the preparation of an action plan for the dairy sector. Initially, SAFOSO conducted an assessment mission in Moldova to evaluate the current state of the dairy sector. This evaluation included among others the regulatory framework, its implementation and enforcement, the structure of the dairy sector, the linkages between milk producers and milk processors and the guarantees for animal health and food safety that can currently be provided. Based on the findings of this mission, an action plan was drafted and subsequently discussed during a workshop with representatives of the government, dairy processing industry and milk producers. The action plan highlighted necessary reforms of the regulatory framework and control and inspection system as well as necessary changes in the structure and organization of the dairy sector. This project was financed by the International Finance Corporation.